Text to Speech Basics: What is TTS and Who Uses It? (2023)

The Internet of Speech is here, transforming the way we interact with our devices.

Siri tells you your next move in an unfamiliar city. The Google Assistant searches the web for instructions on how to grill salmon and reads them to you as you work. The voice robot at the other end of the customer service line delivers results without waiting or menus at the push of a button. Call it the Conversational Computing Era andThe end of these computer conversations is achieved through a digital technology called Text-to-Speech, or TTS for short.

But TTS isn't just for fancy new voice computing applications. It has been used as an accessibility tool for years; as educational technology (edtech); and as an audio alternative to reading. 2021 almost oneAdult dormitory in USAListening to audiobooks and TTS may have helped make these experiences possible. All of these examples just scratch the surface of what TTS can do.

In this article, we describe the standard meaning of text-to-speech and list some of the demographics that benefit from TTS. Below, we'll take a look at some of the ways organizations can use voice technology to achieve mission-critical goals. Finally, we will show you the history of this constantly evolving field. Here's your definitive introduction to TTS technology, starting with a basic question:

What is TTS? In other words, what does TTS stand for?

Curious to know what today's leading TTS actually sounds like?Discover ReadSpeaker's TTS voices, complete with audio samples.

Text to Speech: meaning and science behind the term

Text-to-speech technology is software that takes text as input and produces audible speech as output. In other words, it goes from text to speech, making TTS one of the best-equipped technologies of the digital revolution. A TTS system includes software that predicts the best possible pronunciation of a given text. It also contains the program that generates speech sound waves; this is called avoice changer

Text-to-speech is a multidisciplinary field that requires in-depth knowledge of a variety of sciences. If you want to build a TTS system from scratch, you need to study the following topics:

  1. Linguistics, the scientific study of language.In order to synthesize coherent speech, TTS systems need a way to recognize how a human speaker pronounces written speech. This requires knowledge of linguistics down to the level of the phoneme, the sound units that together make up language, like the /c/ sound in cat. In order to achieve a truly realistic TTS, the system must also predict correct prosody, which includes speech elements beyond the phoneme, such as accents, pauses, and intonation.
  2. Audio signal processing, creation and editing of digital sound representations.Audio (speech) signals are electronic representations of sound waves. The speech signal is represented digitally as a sequence of numbers. In the context of TTS, linguists use different feature representations that describe discrete aspects of the speech signal, making it possible to train AI models to generate new speech.
  3. Artificial intelligence, specifically deep learning, a type of machine learning that uses a computing architecture called a deep neural network (DNN).A neural network is a computational model inspired by the human brain. It consists of complex networks of processors, each of which performs a processing task before sending its output to another processor. A trained DNN will learn the best processing route to get accurate results. This model offers a lot of computational power, making it ideal for handling the large number of variables required for high-quality speech synthesis.

ReadSpeaker's linguists conduct research and practice in all of these areas and continuously develop TTS technology. These researchers create lifelike TTS voices for brands and developers that enable businesses to differentiate themselves in the web of speech, whether on a smartphone, through smart speakers, or in a speech-enabled mobile app. In fact, TTS voices are emerging on an ever-widening range of devices and for an ever-increasing number of applications (and users).

(Video) AAC voices: Text to Speech, how does it work?

Who Uses TTS?

People with visual and reading disabilities were the first to embrace the TTS. It makes sense: TTS makes the internet experience easier for 1 in 5 people with dyslexia. It also helps readers with low literacy skills and people with learning disabilities by taking the stress out of reading and presenting information in an optimal format. We are moving towards a more accessible Internet of the future and TTS is an integral part of that movement.

Many forward-thinking publishers and content owners are already offering TTS solutions to make the web a place for everyone. Businesses and buildings are required to provide access for wheelchair users and people with reduced mobility. Shouldn't the Internet be accessible to everyone? However, as technology advances, the uses and users of TTS also evolve. You may not need TTS, but you certainly will. Text-to-speech can make life easier and more efficient, no matter how you define it.

These are just some of the demographics already benefiting from TTS technology:

1. Students

Text to Speech Basics: What is TTS and Who Uses It? (1)current studiessuggest that students benefit more from combined presentations. Some students retain more information presented in audio and visual formats, also known asBimodal Learning.A popular educational structure calledUniversal Design for Learning (UDL)recommends dual modal learning to help all students succeed. Teachers at all grade levels promoting UDL use a combination of auditory, visual and kinesthetic techniques with the help of technology and adaptive lesson plans.

Even if you identify as a kinesthetic or visual learner, science says adding an auditory method can help you retain information. And at least TTS makes checking a lot more manageable.

2. Reader on the go

If you want to catch up on what's new, podcasts and audiobooks will only get you so far. So if a detailed profile inthe New Yorkeror a long articleThe guardwant to read, TTS can recite it for you. So you can drive, exercise or clean at the same time. Or maybe you prefer listening to reading. In accordance withthe best experts in technology,Online content will soon be automatically converted to audio so more people can enjoy content on the go.

Text to Speech Basics: What is TTS and Who Uses It? (2)

Dharmesh Shahconference onENTRY 2016

(Video) How to use Anki's Text-To-Speech (TTS)

3. Multitasking

The shortcuts TTS can provide are endless, from reading recipes while cooking to dictating instruction manuals while assembling furniture. The only limit to how much this can help is your own imagination.

4. Mature readers

Older adults understandably want to avoid straining their eyes to read small text on a smartphone. Text-to-speech can alleviate this problem by making online content easy to consume, regardless of your technological skills or viewing status.

5. Younger generations

Offer technology to young people and they are likely to use it, whether or not it is strictly 'necessary' to them. 2022,70%of 18-25 year olds “mostly” turned on subtitles while watching video content, not because they were hard of hearing, but because it was convenient. And many Tik Tok users took advantage of the app's TTS feature, which competes with Instagram.launched its TTS in 2021.One nowresearch with studentsfound that only 5% of respondents had a disability that required the use of assistive technology, but at least 18% of students considered any technology to be 'necessary'. Thing is, Gen Z uses TTS not just as an accessibility tool, but as a preference.

6. Readers with visual impairments or light sensitivity

Older adults aren't the only ones who want to avoid squinting at screens. Many people have mild visual impairments or are sensitive to light. For example, think of people with chronic migraines. Thanks to TTS, these users can be more productive on days when staring at screens feels like excruciating pain.

Actually,Advice on medical studiesthat exposure to light at night, particularly blue light from computer screens, has adverse health effects. Not only does it disrupt our internal clocks, but it can also increase the risk of cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and obesity. Text-to-speech offers users a safer way to consume written content without looking at a screen.

7. Foreign language students

Studies show that hearing another language helps students learn the new dialect. Text-to-speech can help with this.ReadSpeakeris an international TTS software company with 50+ languages ​​and 150+ voices, all based on native speakers.

With ReadSpeaker, foreign language learners can get a picture of pronunciation, cadence and accents. A particularly useful feature in this regard is the ability to highlight words as you read them, which can help students feel more confident when pronouncing new vocabulary.

8. Multilingual readers

New generations growing up in multilingual families may understand the language of their parents (grandparents) but may not feel fluent enough to read, write or speak it. This is common in many communities where the mother tongue is not taught in schools. For second and third generations who wish to maintain or strengthen ties with their home countries, ReadSpeaker can make articles, newspapers and other literature accessible and understandable through language.

9. People with severe speech impairments

A speech generating device (SGD), also known as a voice output communication aid (VOCA), is useful for those who have severe speech problems and would otherwise be unable to communicate verbally. Summarized under the term "Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)", SGD and VOCA can now also be integrated into mobile devices such as smartphones.

(Video) Talk-to-chatGPT V1.2 English demo - discussion with an AI using voice recognition and text-to-speech

Stephen Hawking, who suffered from ALS, and renowned film critic Roger Ebert were among the most well-known SGD users of TTS technology. So who uses TTS? Lots of people, for lots of different reasons. And if you're looking for a way to solve today's business challenges, TTS could be the technology for you.

For more information on ReadSpeaker's TTS services, see yourProductsÖFREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS.

TTS technology for business

When ReadSpeaker AI started synthesizing speech in 1999, TTS was mainly used as an accessibility tool. Text-to-speech makes written content available on platforms for people with visual impairments, low literacy skills, cognitive disabilities, and other accessibility barriers. And while accessibility remains a core value ofReadSpeaker solutions,The rise of voice computing has led to a growing range of applications for TTS on all devices, especially in the enterprise.

Here are just some of the powerful business use cases for TTS in today's voice-enabled world:

Text to Speech Basics: What is TTS and Who Uses It? (3)

It is likely that you have already experienced TTS in some or all of these examples. If you run a business, you may even have helped create a voice-first device or experience. With such widespread adoption, it's safe to say that TTS is here to stay. But it's not exactly a new technology.

Types of TTS technology, then and now

Mechanical attempts at synthetic speech date back to the 18th century. Electric synthetic speech has been around ever sinceHomer Dudley's Voder from the 1930s.But the first system that went directly from text to speech in Englisharrived in 1968,and was designed by Noriko Umeda and a team from the Japan Electrotechnical Laboratory.

Since then, researchers have developed a cascade of new TTS technologies, each working in different ways. You might ask, "How does text-to-speech work?" The answer depends on the TTS technology used. Here's a brief overview of the dominant forms of TTS, past and present, from early experiments to the latest AI features.

Formant synthesis and articulatory synthesis

Early TTS systems used rule-based technologies such as formant synthesis and articulatory synthesis, which achieved a similar result through slightly different strategies. Pioneering researchers recorded a speaker and extracted acoustic properties from this recorded speech: formants, qualities that define speech sounds in formant synthesis, and mode of articulation (nasal, plosive, vowel, etc.) in articulatory synthesis. They then programmed rules that modeled these parameters with a digital audio signal. This TTS was pretty robotic; These approaches inevitably abstract away much of the variation you find in human speech, things like pitch variation and accent, because they only allow programmers to write rules for a few parameters at a time. But formant synthesis isn't just a historical novelty: it's still used in the open-source TTS synthesizer.Ehablar OF,that synthesizes speechNVDA,one of the best free screen readers for Windows.

(Video) must have apps, tts engines


The next major development in TTS technology is called diphoneme synthesis, which was developed by researchers in the 1970s and was still widely used at the turn of the millennium. Diphone synthesis creates machine speech by mixing diphones, combinations of individual phoneme units, and the transitions from one phoneme to the next: not just the /c/ in the word cat, but the /c/ plus half of the next sound /ae/ . The researchers record between 3,000 and 5,000 individual diphones, which the system combines to form a coherent statement.

TTS diphone synthesis technology also includes software models that predict the duration and pitch of each diphone for the given input. When these two systems are superimposed, the system combines the signals from the diphones and then processes the signal to correct pitch and duration. The end result is synthetic speech that sounds more natural than formant synthesis produces, but it is far from perfect, and listeners can easily distinguish a human speaker from this synthetic speech.

Drive selection overview

In the 1990s, a new form of TTS technology took hold: Drive Select Synthesis, which is still ideal today for low-power TTS engines. When diphone synthesis has added the appropriate duration and pitch by a second processing system, unit selection synthesis skips this step: it starts with a large database of recorded speech (about 20 hours or more) and selects the sound bits that already have the duration and have pitch. Text input requires natural-sounding speech.

Unit selection synthesis yields human speech without much signal modification but is still artificially identifiable. During all these decades of development, computer processing power and available data storage increased rapidly. The stage was set for the next era of TTS technology, which, like much of today's computing age, relies on artificial intelligence to perform amazing predictions.

neural synthesis

Remember the deep neural networks we mentioned earlier? This is the technology that is driving the current advances in TTS technology and is key to the realistic results that are now possible. Like its predecessors, Neural TTS starts with voice recordings. This is an entry. The other is the text, the written script your host used to create those recordings. Feed this input to a deep neural network, and it learns the best possible association between a piece of text and its associated acoustic features.

Once the model is trained, it will be able to predict realistic sounds for new text: using a trained TTS neural model together with a vocoder trained on the same data, the system can produce speech similar to that of the original speaker is remarkably similar when exposed...to virtually any new text. This similarity between the source and the output is why neural TTS is sometimes referred to as "Cloning Voices

There are all sorts of signal processing tricks you can use to alter the resulting synthesized voice so that it doesn't sound exactly like the source speaker. The most important fact to remember is that the best AI-generated TTS voices still start with a human speaker and TTS technology is becoming more and more human. Current research is resulting in TTS voices that speak with emotional expression, unique voices in multiple languages, and increasingly realistic audio quality.Discover the languages ​​and voices available with ReadSpeaker TTS.

It's probably more technical than you need, but it covers the basics of text-to-speech and then some. And if you still have questions, follow the links below.

To learn more about text-to-speech, help create your ownbrand voice,o Access to marketable productsVoice TTSin more than 30 languages,Contact ReadSpeaker today.

(Video) Text To Speech | Let your Machine Talk | TTS | Machine Learning | Data Magic


Who uses TTS? ›

Who Uses TTS? People with visual and reading impairments were the early adopters of TTS. It makes sense: TTS eases the internet experience for the 1 out of 5 people who have dyslexia.

What is the purpose of TTS? ›

Text-to-speech (TTS) is a type of assistive technology that reads digital text aloud. It's sometimes called “read aloud” technology. TTS can take words on a computer or other digital device and convert them into audio.

Who benefits from TTS? ›

Access to a Broader, More Diverse Audience. One of the original uses of TTS was the elimination of accessibility barriers. That's still true. Text to speech opens doors for people with disabilities, second-language learners, and older adults struggling with increasingly complicated user interfaces, just to name a few.

What is TTS in texting? ›

What is TTS (Text-to-Speech)? TTS, an acronym for Text-to-Speech, is speech synthesis technology that converts written text to spoken words. Note that it synthesizes words rather than playing back pre-recorded messages.

Who can hear TTS? ›

The users in the channel you are currently using will be able to hear the message aloud, Regardless of if they use the /tts command or not.

What is the most popular TTS voice? ›

The best text-to-speech software of 2023 in full
  1. NaturalReader. Best text-to-speech software for home and work. ...
  2. Murf. Best for super-realistic voices. ...
  3. Amazon Polly. Best text-to-speech system for developers. ...
  4. Play.ht. Best AI voice generator for podcaster. ...
  5. Voice Dream Reader. Best text-to-speech app for macOS and iOS.
Jan 10, 2023

Why do people need text-to-speech? ›

The Text-to-speech solution allows any digital material to have its own voice regardless of the medium (application, websites, ebooks, online documents). This is a winner solution to those visually impaired, and those challenged with reading.

Is TTS a learning machine? ›

TTS is a computer simulation of human speech from a textual representation using machine learning methods. Typically, speech synthesis is used by developers to create voice robots, such as IVR (Interactive Voice Response).

What are the disadvantages of TTS? ›

While text to speech voices can be helpful in some situations, there are also some drawbacks to using them. One of the main problems is that they can often sound robotic and unnatural. This can make it difficult for listeners to understand what is being said, and it can also be quite jarring to hear.

What are the cons of TTS? ›

Drawbacks or disadvantages of Text to Speech Conversion

The system is very time consuming as it requires huge databases and hard-coding of combination to form these words. As a result speech synthesis consumes more processing power. ➨The resulting speech is less than natural and emotionless.

Can I use my voice for TTS? ›

Custom Voice. The Cloud Text-to-Speech API now offers Custom Voices. This feature allows you to train a custom voice model using your own studio-quality audio recordings to create a unique voice. You can use your custom voice to synthesize audio using the Cloud Text-to-Speech API.

How do you speak in TTS? ›

Text-to-speech output
  1. Open your device Settings .
  2. Select Accessibility. Text-to-speech output.
  3. Choose your preferred engine, language, speech rate, and pitch. The default text-to-speech engine choices vary by device.

What is the full meaning of TTS? ›

Text-to-speech (TTS) is a very popular assistive technology in which a computer or tablet reads the words on the screen out loud to the user. This technology is popular among students who have difficulties with reading, especially those who struggle with decoding.

How do you voice chat with TTS? ›

Using text to speech while chatting on Discord

To enable text to speech while chatting on Discord, a user must enter the text by typing the tag '/tts' followed by their message. Once the message is entered, other members of the channel will be able to hear see and hear the chat.

Can TTS read other languages? ›

Can TTS read other languages? Different TTS software can read different languages. Speechify is a multi-language tool that can read more than a dozen languages.

What is a TTS Speaker? ›

Text-to-Speech (TTS) is the task of generating natural sounding speech given text input. TTS models can be extended to have a single model that generates speech for multiple speakers and multiple languages.

How do you scream with TTS? ›

Users can access this new addition by simply recording a video, typing out the text, tapping the text, and selecting the “Scream Voice” option.

What is the most accurate voice to text? ›

After considering 18 options, we've found that Apple Voice Control and Nuance Dragon Home 15 are more accurate, efficient, and usable than any other dictation tools we've tested. But the technology behind dictation software (also called speech-to-text or voice-recognition software) has some faults.

Is TTS artificial intelligence? ›

Texttospeech technology is a specific AI-based tool that helps you to convert any written text into text that is spoken aloud. TTS converts text to audio format in just one click.

Is there TTS in Word? ›

Speak is a built-in feature of Word, Outlook, PowerPoint, and OneNote. You can use Speak to have text read aloud in the language of your version of Office. Text-to-speech (TTS) is the ability of your computer to play back written text as spoken words.

Does text to speech help ADHD students? ›

Does text to speech help with ADHD? Many people who have ADHD do benefit from using text to speech and speech to text programs. For those who struggle with concentration, listening may be easier. They may also improve their vocabulary and reading speed by reading the words while they listen.

What is TTS deep learning? ›

Text-to-speech evolution

TTS, or speech synthesis, systems that are developed using deep learning techniques sound like real humans and can run in real time to have natural and meaningful discussions.

What is the difference between TT and TTS? ›

The Audi TT is a popular small sports car available as a three-door coupe or a two-door Roadster convertible, and the TTS version is what Audi calls its high-performance model.

Is TTS a software? ›

Text-to-speech (TTS) software is a speech synthesizer software that converts text into artificial speech. It is a natural language modeling process that reads digital text aloud to assist people with disabilities or for other uses. TTS software allows users to see text and hear it read aloud simultaneously.

What is TTS programming? ›

The TTS meaning is to read a piece of written content aloud. This is also why when you're trying to figure out what is TTS, people sometimes refer to it as “read aloud technology.” At the click of a button, TTS reads out the words on your digital device.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of speech recognition? ›

Using speech recognition software has some advantages, but also some disadvantages. Some of these advantages include time saving, ease of use, and accuracy. Some of these disadvantages include language input, and the requirement of language skills.

Why do people use TTS on TikTok? ›

TikTok text to speech allows creators to add an automated voice to read off captions written within the video, which helps the visual content stand out.

Are TTS voices copyrighted? ›

The copyright of the converted text would be shared between you and the copyright holder of the voices. So you would need a license for distribution. In this case, storing the recording on your computer or your own phone for playback would be legal because you have a license, but distribution wouldn't.

Can U Get rid of TTS? ›

Thankfully, treatment can help you manage TTS symptoms. For the best results, it's important to get treatment as soon as you start experiencing symptoms. Depending on the cause of TTS, treatment may even cure the condition.

Is Google TTS free? ›

Text-to-Speech is priced based on the number of characters sent to the service to be synthesized into audio each month. You must enable billing to use Text-to-Speech, and will be automatically charged if your usage exceeds the number of free characters allowed per month.

Does TTS work on iPhone? ›

iOS has a powerful native text-to-speech function that you can activate via the settings. This feature has a few distinctive voices for various languages, with more available for download. You can adjust the text-to-speech speed rate and turn on the highlighting of the spoken text so that you can follow it more easily.

In which situations would a text-to-speech tool be useful? ›

TTS is useful in a variety of situations, such as when reading aloud text that is not available in audio form, or when converting text to speech for people who are unable to read. TTS can also be used to create voice-overs for videos or podcasts.

What do streamers use for TTS? ›

How to get text to speech on Twitch. Users can add TTS to their Twitch channels in two primary ways: via Streamlabs or StreamElements, which are two well-known streaming platforms that most streamers use.

Why is text-to-speech so popular? ›

Using text-to-speech can be a great way to add voiceover or narrative if you don't want to use your actual voice. It can also add some comedic relief to your content. Plus, it makes sure that someone who may not be able to read the captions can still understand the content.

Can you swear on TikTok text-to-speech? ›

TikTok, for example, censors swear words in its auto-generated speech-to-text function, even though the swear words are audible.

Are text-to-speech voices copyrighted? ›

In short, no; a voice cannot be copyrighted. Midler v. Ford Motor Co.

Is Google TTS royalty free? ›

Google sells access to their TTS service at https://cloud.google.com/text-to-speech/. They advertise that you can use it for free, if you use less than 4 million letters (1 million for WaveNet voices).

What is TTS for streaming? ›

Description. Stream TTS (text-to-speech) will read your or any other channel's Twitch chat out loud. Just enter a Twitch channel name to get started! Perfect for streamers who want to have a natural conversation with their viewers rather than squinting at a text chat.


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